Category Archive : Business Ideas

Questions you need to ask about tent

Currently, the choice of an outdoor reception is very popular, especially for a wedding. Being in contact with nature and its beauty only amplifies the romanticism of the event. But this is not only the case. It can also be used for a birthday party, end of the year, balls, cocktails, etc. However, sometimes the climate changes. To organize an outdoor reception, it will still be necessary to foresee the possibility of the presence of wind, an increase in heat, sunburn, showers, etc. The solution to better shelter the guests in these cases, frame Tent. A 30 by 30 tent device adds a touch of decor that can even go far beyond indoor receptions.

The advantages of organizing an outdoor event

Organize a party outdoors turns out to be more economical, but also commits to more tasks. You can, for example, pitch a tent in your own garden near the swimming pool so as not to have to look for a room capable of accommodating dozens of guests. In this case, the decor is accentuated by the greenery of the space. You will hardly have to worry about it anymore, except for other installations such as the photo booth at a wedding and other devices still matching the chosen theme. Otherwise, there is no lack of green spaces to accommodate more than a hundred guests. You just need to be well equipped to make the moment unforgettable. The photos taken will be of high quality, which will avoid adjustments at the risk of losing the correct settings.

In addition, the logistical issues are still to be managed well, grandiose or not, whatever the celebration. Having a beautiful greenery in all its surroundings, such is also the reason which pushes more than one to opt for a party outside. Once night has fallen, you can enjoy the stars, schedule various activities and make the most of them. For example, doing a lantern throw. You will hardly need to have a ventilation system anymore since everyone will be able to enjoy the natural wind and other conditions.

What Is Land Slope Stabilization?

Buildings are going up all the time but that doesn’t mean that the land the builders have to work with is level or stable. But today land is scarce and with the technology that is available, it is possible to work with the land to make it both level and stable.

This process to make land stable and level are called Land Slope Stabilization Texas, where it is very needed as there are storms and flooding, can rush the land away if not stabilized under the buildings.

This process takes place at the very being of the building before a foundation is ever put down. In order for things to be stable the ground first usually has to be built up and has to be packed down. From there the stabilization of the ground must be tested which is why it has to be packed down so heavily so that it won’t wash away.

Land slope stabilization Texas can take up to months and take a lot of money for the sand and energy to get it done. But it is essential for a home or building to be safe for years to come. If you are starting to build something then the first thing you need do is get the land inspected.

After the inspection asks about land stabilization and if that is something that you need. More than likely you will need to get that done either in a larger or smaller form.

Once you find out if you need it then you need to go ahead and hire a company that can do that. When you hire a company they can’t give you an exact quote but will be able to give you a price range so that you know what to look at. When it comes to the price range only look at the larger number that way if something does come up and you will have the money there to cover it and if you have leftover money then that is just a bonus because you are able to save money.

Overall stabilizing the land that you have is something you should always do and is well worth the money because it will hold the foundation in place which in turn will hold the entire building up not just for the time that you need it but for the test of time.

Finding a good company for the job though is the second thing that you should worry about because if you get a company with bad reviews and that does not take the job seriously you are putting the rest of the build at risk.

When it is done poorly you will notice as soon as the building settles because suddenly it won’t be level anymore and that is one thing that you are trying to prevent by going through this process rather than just putting the building on the land that was there already without doing anything to make it stronger.

So to find the right company shop around not for price but for the reviews from the company and the kind of information they give you about what they are doing so that you know you will be informed about it from the start to the finish of the whole thing. Once you have found the right company then don’t waste time and get started so the rest of the building can be started too.

Travel Insurance To make your trips safer

There are many companies that offer travel insurance in Singapore, two travelers who want to explore Singapore as well as those who go abroad. You should consider buying travel insurance Singapore to enjoy a more secure trip. If this is your first time exploring the possibility of cost for travel insurance, then there must be some doubt in your head. It is very reasonable to be apprehensive of something new to you, especially something that entails you to spend money. It is better to do proper research before you purchase travel insurance next time you go somewhere. The traveler will genuinely benefit from travel insurance because we understand that life is uncertain, and anything can happen at any moment.

Even if you are traveling to a known destination, there can be several unfavorable things that you can face. Nowadays, going to offbeat places is also the trend, and if this is your first time to such a home, you might be very apprehensive, and having a safety net in such a situation is very necessary to ease the mind. The insurance will act as the protection that you want from all the mishaps that can arise on your path when you are traveling. If you had an adventurous person and like to go on vacations where you can partake in adventure sports, it is better that you to purchase travel insurance so that you are equipped to solve your problems if at all they are damaged or canceled due to unfavorable weather you can be reimbursed by the insurance company.

How will travel insurance help you?

Most traveler spends a lot of time and effort to plan out the perfect vacation, but they often neglect the hard reality that anything can happen at any moment, and they do not spend enough time looking for ways to help the mouth in unfavorable situations while traveling. As the name suggests, like any other insurance, travel insurance is a protection from different kinds of difficulties that can crop up in the path of the traveler. One must never overlook the importance of purchasing travel insurance before they venture out. The travel insurance cannot give a guarantee that nothing wrong will happen to you what it offers assistance in the form of money to compensate for your problems.  The insurance may safeguard against trip cancellation, sudden medical emergencies, natural disasters as well as protection against theft. The travel insurance covers many spheres, and it mostly depends upon the company policy and the kind of package the customer wants to buy. You will find out that many insurance companies have partnered with companies that help you book your flights or transportation as well as companies that organize travel packages. The company well will offer you an option to ensure your travel. This is a great option which you can surely choose. There are many problems the tourist can face, and having a backup plan will always prove to be a great solution, especially in foreign lands, which can genuinely fluster anybody.

Types of Coverage you can get from a travel Insurance

What all the travel insurance will cover or in which situations the insurance company will reimburse your money or assist you will depend on several factors like cost of the insurance, company policy on coverage and exclusions, the age of the traveler, the total expenditure of the trip as well as the destination. Before you buy the insurance, it is better that you go through the company policy in detail. Travel Insurance Guide of companies will give you the full picture of what to expect from the insurance. Give it a good reading and compare the different insurance policies of different companies to get what you need at the best price possible. There are many insurance companies in Singapore, and travel companies who have partnered up with such companies are offering brilliant packages for you to choose from.

You can choose from coverage for single trips, multiple trips as well as for yearly travel. There is something for everyone. Some companies offer special discounts to students, while others provide specialized coverage to senior citizens. There are also companies that provide special offers for travelers who are going on trips for business purposes. Choosing travel insurance is also helpful in case of national emergencies or catastrophic natural disasters. These insurance companies will, if mentioned in their policy, shall help you contact your embassy as well as arrange for safe evacuation. The most common type of coverages that you can expect from most companies offering travelers insurance policy are:

  • Short-Term Medical and Major Medical Coverage: you never know when you will fall sick, and traveling to a new place can have several effects on your body. You must realize that medical expenditure is not the same everywhere. You may face an accident which can be very costly. Having that extra expenditure for which you are not prepared can be a harrowing experience. Depending upon your travel, you can opt for short term medical coverage, which can be availed for trips for a few days or major medical coverage for travelers who are on the road for several months or years.
  • Baggage and Personal Effects Coverage: losing your possessions is always a scary experience. If you lose your identity proof such as passports and other documents along with your valuables or even your clothing, when you are away from your home is something we don’t want to imagine. It is a very common problem travelers face, and insurance companies can reimburse you if you encounter such a problem.
  • Accidental Death and Flight Accident Coverage: the worst that can happen to a person when they are traveling is an unexpected death, in such a situation, the beneficiaries can put a claim. If you have life insurance, you can opt-out of this coverage from your package.
  • Trip Cancellation or Interruption Coverage: due to personal emergencies like sudden illness or death in the family, due to sudden change in weather can lead to cancellation of your trip. If you have already paid for your transportation or the hotel room, the insurance company will reimburse you for the money spent if the reason for the cancellation of the trip is valid.

Travel without any worries

Purchase proper insurance for yourself and travel without any worries. Read the documents very carefully to get the best travel insurance that will suit your needs.

Why Hire Manufacturing Recruiters to Recruit Manufacturing Staff

If you need manufacturing staff at your company, it is best that you hire a recruiting agency that specializes in their hiring. You can’t just find recruiting agencies and select the first one that pops up on your computer screen. Doing so can prove to be extremely harmful for your business. Here are some reasons why you should only hire manufacturing recruiters to hire the staff for your manufacturing business.

Why Hire Manufacturing Recruiting Specialists Only

To Hire the Most Appropriate Candidates

Thousands of businesses around the world face the problem of low performance and high turnover rate. The reason behind these problems is hiring the wrong talent. It is not always their fault entirely. Sometimes, their recruiting agencies are not fulfilling their promises and responsibilities. It is, therefore, highly recommended to hire reliable headhunters in the manufacturing category. Once you have hired such an agency, you can rest assured that the candidates landing in your training rooms will be the most appropriate people for the job. However, it is highly recommended to you to do some preliminary researching to hire only the most credible and experienced hiring agency for the job.

To Save Your HR Costs

Having and maintaining an HR department is not as easy as it might seem to some. You have to have multiple professionals working in your HR department to take care of the entire hiring process which includes posting job ads, sorting resumes, calling the candidates, scheduling interviews, keeping records of interviews and shortlisted candidates, and much more. In addition to that, your hiring costs increase even more if you subscribe to a software-based HR solution of today. By hiring a recruiting agency, you can save all of these costs. You won’t even have to deal with the ongoing issues with HR departments, records, and technology.

To Reduce the Time of Hiring

A company that has been hiring in the field of manufacturing since its inception is the best resource to get skilled professionals from this department in a hurry. While you have to post job ads, wait for resumes to come in, call the candidates, etc. the recruiting agency might already have some suitable options available for you. You can reduce the time of hiring a candidate significantly by taking advantage of the services of a recruiting agency. The best thing is that you get to have the best candidates to work for you despite the quick hiring process.

Bottom Line

If you are participating in a race of horses, you can’t send in a car for racing. In a similar way, if you are a manufacturing business and you need to hire staff in the manufacturing department, you will have to hire only the most qualifying and fit candidates for the job. Any compromise on the quality of candidates will harm your business in more ways than you might realize. Dealing with high turnover rate is one thing. The low performance, the training costs, etc. are going to take a toll on your overall business performance, expenditures, and reputation.

A Complete Analysis Of Electronics Manufacturing Services

The electronics and manufacturing services industry employ operations that perform skilled designing, testing, building, and delivering of the electronic parts and the assemblies to various organizations as and when they need technical guidance. Steady and experienced guidance from engineers is as the prime driving force in this industry. Expert guidance is able to boost the nature, appeal and the favorable functionality of the end product, giving it an edge over competitors.

Understanding The Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS)

Some of the manufacturing services are produced as per industry standards, however, there are companies that also offer niche and customized electronics manufacturing service to their clients.

The establishment of the EMS industry has successfully eliminated the need and demand for companies to manufacture and store bulky electronic equipment. This is possible because EMS providers are providing technical support whenever they are needed by a specific organization and on a contractual basis. This helps in saving the investment cost for the EMS company’s client. Additionally, as part of the EMS, professional and expert skills related to the operation and functioning of the machine is also provided to the client. These type of services are further preferred as they offer enhanced flexibility in responding to sudden and time-sensitive technological demands with precision and efficiency.

Out of the various services that are offered by EMS companies, product management, supply chain management service, design engineering services, box build services, and test engineering services are the most popular and are high in demand.

According to manufacturing industry experts, working with a company which has a dedicated staff is valuable for the future sale of services. It is also adviced that the service providers make sure that their vendors have thorough industry-specific certifications.

Trends That Dictate The EMS Industry

According to the industrial vertical, the EMS market can be segmented on the basis of Industrial, Defence & Aerospace, IT & Telecommunication, and Medical & Healthcare. The EMS sector has gained popularity globally due to the expansion of technical applications in departments such as the control system employed for mission control computer in aircraft, radar surveillance, and satellite communication etc. An increase in the demand for electronics, consumer electronics and well as growing urbanization directly impacts the growth of the EMS industry. In addition to this, the relevant implementation and utilization of manufacturing services align with the type and nature of the market demand, thereby reducing capital risks as outsourcing EMS services also reduces all chances of increasing the overall cost.

However, an apparent decline in the adoption of personal computers such as desktops and notebooks in the developed countries is one of the reasons that is challenging the growth of the EMS market.

China remains an important trade center for the Electronics Manufacturing Services and is attracting global giants such as Apple.Inc, Dell, and Intel. Expansion of the digital space and increased penetration of internet across the developing countries is fueling growth in the EMS industry and boosting the establishment of EMS industrial plants.

Brennan & Clark Collection Agency – Can You Stop Collection Calls from Disturbing You


Loans are inevitable in life, and there are times when you take so many of them that is becomes hard for you to repay them. The consequences, of course, are collection calls. You will receive these calls frequently, and you just cannot avoid them. If you have taken loans, you are legally bound to repay the debt. Experts in the field of debt collection say if you owe debts, you can stop collection calls. There are ways via which you can negotiate with the collection agency and make arrangement for the repayment of the debt without complaints.

Brennan & Clark Collection Agency – How can you stop collection calls and prevent rip-offs?

Brennan & Clark Collection Agency is a well-known name in the field of debt collection in the USA. This company has been in the industry for over 30 years, and it has proven track records when it comes to recovery rates for its clients. The experts here say that when you receive a collection call from any agency, check and verify to see if it is yours or not. Unfortunately, several fraudulent companies make calls to people in a bid to extort money from them. These companies threaten the parties with dire consequences if they do not pay up. The people who receive these calls often get scared and they land up paying the amount to ask.

Verify whether the debt is yours or not

To prevent being a victim of a rip-off, you must verify to check whether the loan is yours or not. If you have taken a loan, you will be aware of its amount, date and other specific details. So, ask the agent to verify the same so that you do not face any hassles at all. You should verify the address and other relevant details to ensure that the debt you owe is yours. The second step you should do is verify the name of the collection agency and the caller so that in future you do not face problems at all. In case, the debt does not belong to you, immediately inform the company. The caller from a genuine company will always give you the above details when you get a collection call.

The experts here at Brennan & Clark Collection Agency say that in case the debt is yours make sure you step forward and enter into a negotiation. Once you have negotiated and the terms and conditions of the repayment plan are done, you no longer will receive collection calls. Talk to experts in case you have issues understanding how to stop collection calls. The experts here at Brennan & Clark LLC ensure you get all the answers to your queries in a proactive way. The experts also add when it comes to collection calls, always be aware and informed. Never allow companies to whom you never borrowed money from bothering you. There is help at hand, and all you need to do is be honest and pay up to avoid unnecessary hassles in the future!

Peter Zieve – 3 Key Tips Entrepreneurs Need to Consider When Setting Up an Engineering Company

Setting up your engineering company is never an easy task for any graduate in this field. However, this doesn’t mean that you should give up your dreams of being your own boss. You need to have the talent and passion to be a cut above the rest. You also should also be willing to persist even when your organization is facing financial difficulties. Above all, you need to be a clear idea and plan of what you intend to introduce in the market. Such product should be able to fulfil a shortage in this environment. Only then will people will buy it at a reasonable price.

Peter Zieve – 3 factors you should keep in mind when establishing an engineering company

Peter Zieve is the one of the founders and Chief Executive Officer of Electroimpact, Inc. Experts within the aviation industry consider this organization to be one of the best engineering companies in America. It specializes in the production of various aircraft parts and space exploration equipment. It is the first choice among graduates who want pursue their careers in this field. This corporate organization is also very popular among the local community in Mukilteo for its philanthropic activities.  In fact, Dr. Zieve has the distinction of inventing the Low Voltage Electromagnetic Riveter while pursuing his doctorate degree. Today, he is running for public office in this area. He aims to become the elected representative of these people.

He encourages young and ambitious entrepreneurs to establish their own engineering startup concerns. He offers them the following 3 important suggestions to help them achieve their objectives. These are as follows:

  1. Prepare a realistic business plan

Entrepreneurs need to have a proper business plan. This gives them a roadmap on how them intend to turn their ideas into realistic products which people want to buy. It also highlights the mission and vision of their establishments. They need to keep in mind that potential investors first scrutinize this basic document. Only then do they make up their minds whether it is worthwhile giving them the money they need.


  1. Establish the right social connection

These young business owners need to establish and meet the right people who can help them achieve their objective, like going to a Business networking in West Wales event. They should make it a point to visit popular industrial fairs and business events. Such a move can bring them in contact with individuals of various professional backgrounds. This can open up immense opportunities for them in the long-run. This is fact which they cannot afford to ignore.


  1. Being aware of the competition and determine the ideal quote

Such proprietors need to realize that coming up with the right quote is never an easy task. They need to come up with an amount which is neither too high or low. They come up with a unique product which public wants. These consumers may even be willing to pay a good price for it. Moreover, they need to think about and assess the nature of their competitors.

Entrepreneurs need to remember setting up an engineering company is difficult but not impossible. Peter Zieve says keeping in mind the above 3 suggestions can help them achieve their objective. In addition to this, they should be communicating with like-minded people and hire the best talents. They should also keep an eye on their finances to ensure the success of their establishments.

Jeffrey Mohlman Provides Tips on How To Make Local Business Successful

The main aim of every business owner is to make their business successful irrespective of the size of the business. If you want the small local business to be more profitable than ever before, then it is important to go through certain vital guidelines. You can also read the below mentioned points to get an idea as to how to achieve success.

Jeffrey Mohlman talks about how to make local business successful

Jeffrey Mohlman has worked for quite a few years at MetLife and then founded his own financial planning firm, Mohlman Financial, in the year 2012. He is a skilled and well-known entrepreneur; an accomplished professional and leader in both the investment and insurance industry, and in the e-cigarette field. Mr. Mohlman has expertise in capital, May, securities and Questar.

Mentioned below are some of the ways by following which one can make their local business successful:

  • As per a recent survey it has been found that most of the customers have cancelled or not made an intended purchase due to bad customer service. Therefore, it is important for every business irrespective of their size to focus on customer services. Check if your current customer service can provide your small business service better to that of the competitors, whether it is revamping your return policy, investing in staff training or basic improvements such as replying on time to voice mail or email from customers.
  • Whether the business is operated in a small community or in a huge urban center, word of mouth is more essential. Most customers check on the online portals to search for reviews of businesses before deciding where to buy, so building a good repute is vital to the success of the business.
  • Build the online presence of the business with a website and a social media. Creating a professional looking website these days can be quick and easy. It is essential for the business to have a simple website which will describe who you are, what you do and how to get in touch. On the other hand, social media can be a great way to endorse your business.
  • Keep in mind that competition offers the best results. To be successful, you should not be afraid to study rather you should learn from your competitors. After all, they may be doing something right that you can put into action in your business to make more money.

As stated by Jeffrey Mohlman rightly in order to succeed in business, it is important to be flexible and have good organizational and planning skills. Most of the people start a business thinking that they will turn on their PCs or open their doors and start making money, only to find that making money in a business is much more hard than they thought. In order to avoid this in your business ventures, you can take your time and plan out all the essential above mentioned steps so that you can achieve success in your small business easily.




Les conteneurs qui enjoliventnosvilles

A l’heureactuellechaque action que nous faisonsdoitêtrepensée et mise enpratiqueenfonction de l’empreintequ’ellelaissera sur notreenvironnement. Eneffetl’avenir de la planètedépend de plus en plus de l’engagement et de la participation de chacund’entre nous à la luttecontre la pollution et tout ce qui peut porter atteinte à la santé de notreplanète et par conséquent à notre santé.

Un des premiers secteursauquelchacun de nous peutcontribuerest la collecte et la disposition de nosmatièresrésiduelles. Par exemplesilest primordial aujourd’hui savoir comment gérernosdéchets, par exemples les feuillesmortes que nous accumulonsenjardin, tous les types de putrescibles, maisaussi les matériaux secs. Beaucoup de société au Québec s’occupentaujourd’hui de faire la gestion et le recyclage de toutescesmatières et matériaux. Cependantc’est à nous que revient la responsabilité de faire le premier pas. Et quelle pourraitêtre le premier pas après avoirrécolternosdéchets? Pourquoi ne paspenser à un conteneur commercial pour rassembler par exemple les feuillesmortes? Çasembleêtreune bonne idée, mais comment faire? Oùchercher? Il enexisteeneffet de plusieurssortes que cesoit pour un usage ménagerouindustriel. Il fautdoncégalementprévoir un choix de taille de conteneurnécessaire, certainspouvantcontenirplusieurs verges de matériel. Enfonction du contenuprévu, ilfaudramêmeenvisager de choisir entre un conteneur de métalouplutôt un conteneur plastique. Un conteneur commercial peutêtre la meilleure solution que cesoit pour votrejardin, pour votremaison, votre quartier ou parc, ou bien encore pour votreentreprise.

Enfonction de vosbesoins, maintenant que vousavez bien clairesentètetoutes les caractéristiquesnécessaires, vouspouvez faire appel à unesociété de vente ou de location de conteneurs. Car eneffetsipresquetousproposent de vousvendreleursproduits, certainspeuventvous proposer également la location de conteneurs. Quelenestl’avantage? En fait il se peutqu’il y ait plusieursavantages et atouts.

Cessociétéssouventmettent à disposition des services trèsprofessionnels pour la communauté :ilss’occupent de toute la filière de derécolte et recyclage des déchets, aussi bien au niveau du particulier que de la l’aspect public. Ilsprévoient de venirretirer les conteneurs, les vérifier, les réparer, les transporter, etc. Et grâce à leurprofessionnalité et à leurexpérienceilsontcertainementélaboré un processus de recyclage de plus enplus « vert ». Chaqueétapeportel’attention sur la nécessité de minimiser touteémissionnocive. Leurconteneursontconstruit de Facon à durer dans le temps, penser pour êtretransportés par leurs camions, pour se confondre dans la ville de manière à ne pas négliger la partieesthétique. C’est pour toutesces raisons que le choix de la location de conteneurs peutfacilitervotre vie et celle de votrecommunauté. Et, chaque jour de protégernotreplanète.

Installation de balcon à Brossard ou remplacement

C’est toujours un plaisir de passer du temps sur la terrasse ou le balcon de votre maison, surtout au printemps ou en été, lorsque les températures les plus douces et les plus agréables nous le permettent. Mais l’ installation d’un balcon à Brossard et les terrasses sont probablement, en raison de leurs caractéristiques particulières, parmi les points les plus délicats et potentiellement critiques d’un bâtiment. Tout d’abord parce qu’ils sont un lien entre l’intérieur et l’extérieur et, par conséquent, ils sont exposés à des agents atmosphériques tels que le vent, la pluie, les hautes et basses températures, qui provoquent des déformations dans les matériaux et qui, avec le temps, peuvent causer des dommages, même importants.

De plus, leur forme particulière les rend plus fragiles et délicats que d’autres parties du bâtiment, surtout lorsqu’il y a des erreurs de conception même petites ou des défauts structurels. Enfin, les dalles de balcon en porte-à-faux peuvent être endommagées par une surcharge ou une activité sismique si nous nous trouvons dans une zone à risque sismique. Il n’est pas rare de voir des balcons et des projections avec des signes évidents de dégradation de la surface comme des fissures, des morceaux de plâtre manquants, rouille sur les barres d’armature exposées qui pourraient cacher des problèmes plus profonds et, dans certains cas, même dangereux pour notre sécurité et celle de ceux qui vivent avec nous. Il est donc essentiel d’intervenir en temps opportun, par le biais d’une restructuration et d’un renforcement de la structure ou d’une installation de balcon à Brossard.

Bien sûr, lorsque vous vous trouvez dans de telles circonstances, c’est toujours une bonne idée de faire appel à des mains expertes qui peuvent diagnostiquer le problème avec compétence et le résoudre professionnellement. Il est toujours bon d’éviter le bricolage lorsqu’il s’agit de rénover une maison ou, comme dans le cas du remplacement de rampe à Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, à moins d’avoir les bonnes compétences pour une intervention de ce genre. Toutes les rampes ne sont pas identiques et, par conséquent, elles n’ont pas les mêmes problèmes que ceux causés par l’usure, les effets des intempéries ou le dégât causé par le chargement. Dans tous les cas, les problèmes les plus fréquents peuvent survenir avec les rampes et les terrasses.

Les rampes présentent souvent des dommages importants sur les panneaux avant et les sous-balcons, ou sur les parapets, où de grandes surfaces apparaissent sans plâtre et, parfois, sans couches entières de béton. Ceci est particulièrement grave car le béton manquant laisse les fers d’armature exposés aux intempéries et finit par gonfler et rouiller. De plus, des morceaux instables de plâtre et de béton peuvent tomber et blesser les passants. Par conséquent, nous ne devons pas négliger ces signaux et il est essentiel que nous agissions rapidement avec le remplacement de rampe à Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. La première chose à faire est d’essayer de comprendre les causes de l’affaiblissement et de la détérioration de la structure.